Hypogene caves

Hypogene speleogenesis produces caves with peculiar morphology, and some caves contain characteristic mineralisation. Many economic deposits of metals (e.g., Pb, Zn, As, Hg) and non-metallic raw materials (e.g., fluorite and barite) in carbonate rocks have been emplaced in hypogene caves. Hypogene cavities may host deep-seated aquifers as well as oil and gas reservoirs.

See Dublyansky & Spötl (2015) for a recent study which shows that condensation corrosion in a thermal cave can produce cave morphologies very similar to phreatic speleogenesis.

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