Christoph Spötl

Innsbruck Quaternary Research Group

Quaternary dynamics and climate change
Caves and speleothems
Groundwater hydrogeochemistry
Stable isotopes
Sedimentary geochemistry

Short CV
2004 Professor for Quaternary Research
1999 START award
1997 Habilitation
1994-1997 APART research fellowship of the Austrian Academy of Sciences
1992-1993 Postdoc at the U.S. Geological Survey, National Center in Reston, Virginia
1991-1992 Postdoc at the University of Missouri-Columbia
1991 PhD in Geology, University of Berne
1987 MSc in Earth Sciences, University of Innsbruck

Professional activities
2015-2018 Member of the ICDP Science Advisory Group
2013- Full member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences
2013- Member of the Commission for Geosciences of the Austrian Academy of Sciences
2012-2018 Vice chair of the National Committee Geo/Hydro-Sciences of the Austrian Academy of Sciences
2010-2014 Vice President of the German Quaternary Association
2009-2014 Member of the Scientific Advisory Council of the GFZ Potsdam
2009 Corresponding member Austrian Academy of Sciences
2008- President of the Austrian Speleological Association
2007-2010 President of the Austrian Geological Society
2004-2013 Dean of Studies Geo- and Atmospheric Sciences
2004- Editor of Die Höhle
2002-2004 Editor of Sedimentology



Weber, M., Scholz, D., Schröder-Ritzrau, A., Deininger, M., Spötl, C., Lugli, F., Mertz-Kraus, R., Jochum, K.P., Fohlmeister, J., Stumpf, C.F., Riechelmann, D.C.F. (2018): Evidence of warm and humid interstadials in central Europe during early MIS 3 revealed by a multi-proxy speleothem record. – Quaternary Science Reviews, 200, 276-286.

Zhao, J., Cheng, H., Yang, Y., Tan, L., Spötl, C., Ning, Y., Zhang, H., Cheng, X., Sun, Z., Li, X., Li, H., Liu, W., Edwards, R.L.: Reconstructing the western boundary variability of the Western Pacific Subtropical High over the past 200 years via Chinese cave oxygen isotope records. – Climate Dynamics,

Wolfgring, E., Wagreich, M., Dinarès-Turell, J., Gier, S., Böhm, K., Sames, B., Spötl, C., Popp, F. (2018): The Santonian - Campanian boundary and the end of the Long Cretaceous Normal Polarity-Chron: Isotope and plankton stratigraphy of a pelagic reference section in the NW Tethys (Austria). – Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 51, 445-476.

Sürmelihindi, G., Leveau,  P., Spötl, C., Bourgeois, M., Bernard, V., Passchier, C.W. (2018): The second century CE Roman watermills of Barbegal: Unraveling the enigma of one of the oldest industrial complexes. – Science Advances, 4 : eaar3620, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aar3620.

Dublyansky, Y.V., Klimchouk, A.B. Tokarev, S., Amelichev, G.N., Langhamer, L. & Spötl, C.(2018): Stable isotopic composition of atmospheric precipitation on the Crimean Peninsula and its controlling factors. – Journal of Hydrology, 565, 61-73.

Warken, S.F., Fohlmeister, J., Schröder-Ritzrau, A., Constantin, S., Spötl, C., Gerdes, A., Esper, J., Frank, N., Arps, J., Terente, M., Riechelmann, D.F.C., Mangini, A. & Scholz, D. (2018): Reconstruction of late Holocene autumn/winter precipitation variability in SW Romania from a high-resolution speleothem trace element record. – Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 499, 122-133.

Zhang, H.W., Cheng, H., Spötl, C., Cai, Y., Sinha, A., Tan, L., Yi, L., Yan, H., Kathayat, G., Ning, Y., Li, X., Zhang, F., Zhao, J., Edwards, R.L. (2018): A 200-year annually laminated stalagmite record of precipitation seasonality in southeastern China and its linkages to ENSO and PDO. – Scientific Reports (Nature), 8:12344, DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-30112-6.

Dublyansky, Y.Moseley, G.E., Liakhnitsky, Y., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., Scholz, D., Koltai, G. Spötl, C. (2018): Late Palaeolithic cave art and permafrost in the Southern Ural. – Scientific Reports (Nature), 8:12080, DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-30049-w.

Spötl, C. (2018): Moonmilk as a human and veterinary medicine: evidence of past artisan mining in caves of the Austrian Alps. – International Journal of Speleology, 47, 127-135.

Barrett, S., Drescher-Schneider, R., Starnberger, R., Spötl, C. (2018): Evaluation of the regional vegetation and climate in the Eastern Alps (Austria) during MIS 3–4 based on pollen analysis of the classical Baumkirchen paleolake sequence. – Quaternary Research, 90, 153-163.

Spötl, C., Reimer, P.J., Rabeder, G., Bronk Ramsey, C. (2018): Radiocarbon constraints on the age of the world's highest-elevation cave-bear population, Conturines Cave (Dolomites, Northern Italy). – Radiocarbon, 60, 299-307.

Johnston, V.E., Borsato, A., Frisia, S., Spötl, C., Dublyansky, Y., Töchterle, P., Hellstrom, J.C., Bajo, P., Edwards, R.L., Cheng, H. (2018): Evidence of thermophilisation and elevation-dependent warming during the Last Interglacial in the Italian Alps. – Scientific Reports (Nature), 8:2680, DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-21027-3.

Fohlmeister, J., Arps, J., Spötl, C., Schröder‐Ritzrau, A., Plessen, A., Günter, C., Frank, N., Trüssel, M. (2018): Carbon and oxygen isotope fractionation in the water‐calcite‐aragonite system. – Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 235, 127-139.

Spötl, C., Wimmer, M., Pavuza, R., Plan, L. (2018): Ice caves in Austria. – in: Ice caves (Persoiu, A. & Lauritzen, S.-E), 237-262, Amsterdam, Elsevier.

Koltai, G., Cheng, H., Spötl, C. (2018): Palaeoclimate significance of speleothems in crystalline rocks: a test case from the Late Glacial and early Holocene (Vinschgau, northern Italy). – Climate of the Past, 14, 369-381.

Spötl, C., Reimer, P.J., Göhlich, U.B. (2018): Mammoths inside the Alps during the last glacial period: radiocarbon constraints from Austria and palaeoenvironmental implications. – Quaternary Science Reviews, 190, 11-19.

Vieten, R., Warken, S., Winter, A., Scholz, D., Miller, T., Spötl, C., Schroeder-Ritzrau, A., Terzer, S. (2018): Monitoring of Cueva Larga, Puerto Rico – a first step to decode speleothem climate records. – in: White, W.B., Herman, J.S., Hermann, E.K. & Rutigliano, M. (eds.), Karst Groundwater Contamination and Public Health, 319-331, Berlin, Springer.

Vieten, R., Warken, S., Winter, A., Schröder-Ritzrau, A., Scholz, D. & Spötl, C. (2018): Hurricane impact on seepage water in Larga Cave, Puerto Rico. – Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 123, 879-888.

Wynn, P.M., Fairchild, I.J., Borsato, A., Spötl, C., Hartland, A., Baker, A., Frisia, S., Baldini, J.U.L. (2018): Sulphate partitioning into calcite: Experimental verification of pH control and application to seasonality in speleothems. – Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 226, 69-83.

Barrett, S., Starnberger, R., Tjallingii, R., Brauer, A., Spötl, C. (2017): The sedimentary history of the inneralpine Inn Valley (Austria): extending the Baumkirchen type section further back in time with new drilling. – Journal of Quaternary Science, 32, 63-79.

Barrett, S., Schmidmair, D., Spötl, C. (2017): Mineralogical composition of the Baumkirchen lacustrine sequence (Würmian, Inn Valley, Tyrol): provenance and palaeogeographical implications. – Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 110, 43-56.

Dertnig, F., Stüwe, K., Woodhead, J., Stuart, F.M., Spötl, C. (2017): Constraints on the Miocene landscape evolution of the Eastern Alps from the Kalkspitze region, Niedere Tauern (Austria). – Geomorphology, 299, 24-38.

Spötl, C., Slupetzky, H., Drescher-Schneider, R., Festi, D., Heiss, A.G., Reimer, P.J. (2017): An Early Würmian age for the inneralpine Halldorf site, Salzach Valley, Austria. – Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 110, 109-121.

Hansen, M., Scholz, D., Froeschmann, M.-L., Schöne, B.R., Spötl, C. (2017): Carbon isotope exchange between gaseous CO2 and thin solution films: Artificial cave experiments and a complete diffusion-reaction model. – Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 211, 28-47.

Spötl, C., Plan, L., Dublyansky, Y. (2017): Hypogene karst in Austria. – in: Klimchouk, A., Palmer, A.N., De Waele, J., Auler, A.J. & Audra, P. (eds.): Hypogene Karst Regions and Caves of the World, 113-126, New York (Springer).

Dublyansky, Y., Klenke, J., Spötl, C. (2017): Condensation corrosion speleogenesis in the Amargosa Desert and the Tecopa Basin. – in: Klimchouk, A., Palmer, A.N., De Waele, J., Auler, A.J. & Audra, P. (eds.): Hypogene Karst Regions and Caves of the World, 565-573, New York (Springer).

Gribovszki, K.E., Kovács, K., Mónus, P., Bokelmann, G., Konecny, P., Lednická, M., Moseley, G., Spötl, C., Edwards, R.L., Bednárik, M., Brimich, L., Tóth, L. (2017): Estimating the upper limit of prehistoric peak ground acceleration using an in situ, intact and vulnerable stalagmite from Plavecká priepast cave (Detrekői-zsomboly), Little Carpathians, Slovakia - first results. – Journal of Seismology, 21, 1111-1130.

Koltai, G., Spötl, C., Luetscher, M., Cheng, H., Barrett, S.J., Müller, W. (2017): The nature of annual lamination in flowstones from non-karstic fractures, Vinschgau (northern Italy). – Chemical Geology, 457, 1-14.

Koltai, G., Spötl, C., Shen, C.-C., Wu, C.-C., Rao, Z., Palcsu, L., Kele, S., Surányi, G., Bárány-Kevei, I. (2017): A penultimate glacial climate record from southern Hungary. – Journal of Quaternary Science, 32, 946-956.

Leitner, C. & Spötl, C. (2017): The Eastern Alps: Multistage development of extremely deformed evaporites. – in: Permo-Triassic Salt Provinces of Europe, North Africa and the Atlantic Margins: Tectonics and Hydrocarbon Potential (Ed. by Soto, J.I., Flinch, J.F, Tari, G.), 467-482, Amsterdam, Elsevier.

Mayr, C., Brandlmeier, B., Diersche, V., Stojakowits, P., Kirscher, U., Matzke-Karasz, R., Bachtadse, V., Eigler, M., Haas, U., Lempe, B., Reimer, P.J., Spötl, C. (2017): Nesseltalgraben, a new reference section of the last glacial period in southern Germany. – Journal of Paleolimnology, 58, 213-229.

Mischel, S.A., Scholz, D., Spötl, C., Jochum, K.P., Schröder-Ritzrau, A., Fiedler, S. (2017): Holocene climate variability in Central Germany and a potential link to the polar North Atlantic: A replicated record from three coeval speleothems. – The Holocene, 27, 509-525.

Töchterle, P., Dublyansky, Y., Stöbener, N., Mandíc, M., Spötl, C. (2017): High resolution isotopic monitoring of cave air CO2. – Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 31, 895-900.

Riechelmann, S., Schröder-Ritzrau, R., Spötl, C., Riechelmann, D.F.C., Richter, D.K., Mangini, A., Frank, N., Breitenbach, S.F.M., Immenhauser, A. (2017): Sensitivity of Bunker Cave to climatic forcings highlighted through multi-annual monitoring of rain-, soil-, and dripwaters. – Chemical Geology, 449, 194-205.

Zhang, T.-T., Li, T.-Y., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., Shen, C.-C., Spötl, C., Li, H.-C., Han, L.-Y., Li, J.-Y., Huang, C.-X., Zhao, X. (2017): Stalagmite-inferred centennial variability of the Asian summer monsoon in southwest China between 58 and 79 ka BP. – Quaternary Science Reviews, 160, 1-12.

Passchier, C., Sürmelihindi, G., Spötl, C., Mertz-Kraus, R., Scholz, D. (2016): Carbonate deposits from the ancient aqueduct of Béziers, France – a high-resolution palaeoenvironmental archive for the Roman Empire. – Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 461, 328-340.

Cheng, H., Spötl, C., Breitenbach, S.F.M., Sinha, A., Wassenburg, J.A., Jochum, K.P., Scholz, D., Li, X., Yi, L., Peng, Y., Lv, Y., Zhang, P., Votintseva, A., Loginov, V., Ning, Y., Kathayat, G., Edwards, R.L. (2016): Climate variations of Central Asia on orbital to millennial timescales. – Scientific Reports, 6, 36975; doi: 10.1038/srep36975.

Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., Sinha, A., Spötl, C., Yi, L., Chen, S., Kelly, M., Kathayat, G., Wang, X., Li, X., Kong, X., Wang, Y., Ning, Y., Zhang, H. (2016): The Asian monsoon over the past 640,000 years and ice age terminations. - Nature, 534, 640-646.

Dublyansky, Y., Roncat, A., Spötl, C., Dorninher, P. (2016): Hypogene cave morphology at high resolution: full 3-D survey of Märchenhöhle (Austria). – in: Proceedings of DEEPKARST 2016: Origins, Resources, and Management of Hypogene Karst (ed. by Chavez, T. & Reehling, P.), 183-187, Carlsbad, New Mexico (National Cave and Karst Research Institute).

Dublyansky, Y., Klenke, J., Spötl, C. (2016): Condensation corrosion speleogenesis in the Amargosa Desert and the Tecopa Basin. – in: Proceedings of DEEPKARST 2016: Origins, Resources, and Management of Hypogene Karst(ed. by Chavez, T. & Reehling, P.), 169-176, Carlsbad, New Mexico (National Cave and Karst Research Institute).

Moseley, G.E., Edwards, R.L., Wendt, K.A., Cheng, H., Dublyansky, Y., Lu, Y., Boch, R., Spötl, C. (2016): Reconciliation of the Devils Hole climate record with orbital forcing. – Science, 351, 165-168.

Kathayat, G., Cheng, H., Sinha, A., Spötl, C., Edwards, R.L., Zhang, H., Li, X., Yi, L., Ning, Y., Cai, Y., Lui, W.L., Breitenbach, S.F.M. (2016): Indian monsoon variability on millennial-orbital timescales. – Scientific Reports, 6, 24374: doi: 10.1038/srep24374.

Spötl, C., Plan, L., Christian, E. (2016): Höhlen und Karst in Österreich. - 752 p., Linz (Oberösterreichisches Landesmuseum).

Fairchild, I.J., Fleming, E.J., Bao, H., Benn, D.I., Boomer, I., Dublyansky, Y.V., Halverson, G.P., Hambrey, M.J., Hendy, C., McMillan, E.A., Spötl, C., Stevenson, C.T.E., Wynn, P.M. (2016): Continental carbonate facies of a Neoproterozoic panglaciation, north-east Svalbard. – Sedimentology, 63, 443-497.

Jiang, X., Wang, X., He, Y., Hu, H.-M., Li, Z., Spötl, C., Shen, C.-C. (2016): Precisely dated multidecadally resolved Asian summer monsoon dynamics 113.5-86.6 thousand years ago. – Quaternary Science Reviews, 143, 1-12.

Dublyansky, Y., Moseley, G.E., Spötl, C., Liakhnitsky, Y., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L. (2016): Constraining the ages of the late Palaeolithic cave paintings in the Shulgan-Tash Cave, Southern Urals, Russia. – In: Ancient sanctuaries: Archaeology, ritual, mythology. Materials of International Scientific Symposium, Ufa 2015 (Institute for History Publishing House), 120-125.

Spötl, C., Desch, A., Dublyansky, Y., Plan, L., Mangini, A. (2016): Hypogene speleogenesis in dolomite host rock by CO2-rich fluids, Kozak Cave (southern Austria). – Geomorphology, 255, 39-48.

Hoffmann, D.L., Rogerson, M., Spötl, C., Luetscher, M., Vance, D., Osborne, A.N., Fello, N.M., Moseley, G.E. (2016): Timing and causes of North African wet phases during the last glacial period and implications for modern human migration. – Scientific Reports, 6:36367, doi: 10.1038/srep36367.

Mair, D., Chwatal, W., Reimer, P.J., Spötl, C.: Quaternary evolution of the inner Riss Valley, Tyrol (Austria) - an integrated sedimentological and geophysical case study. – Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 109/2, 277-288.

Passchier, C., Sürmelihindi, G., Spötl, C. (2016): A high-resolution palaeoenvironmental record from carbonate deposits in the Roman aqueduct of Patara, SW Turkey, from the time of Nero. – Scientific Reports, 6:28704, DOI: 10.1038/srep28704.

Neuhuber, S., Gier, S., Hohenegger, J., Wolfgring, E., Spötl, C., Strauss, P., Wagreich, M. (2016): Palaeoenvironmental changes in the northwestern Tethys during the Late Campanian Radotruncana calcarata Zone: implications from stable isotopes and geochemistry. – Chemical Geology, 420, 280-29.

Spötl, C., Fohlmeister, J., Cheng, H., Boch, R. (2016): Modern aragonite formation at near-freezing conditions in an alpine cave, Carnic Alps, Austria. – Chemical Geology, 435, 60-70.

Reitschuler, C., Spötl, C., Hofmann, K., Wagner, A.O., Illmer, P. (2016): Archaeal distribution in moonmilk deposits from Alpine caves and their ecophysiological potential. - Microbial Ecology, 71, 686-699.

Moseley, G.E., Dublyansky, Y.V., Edwards, R.L., Wendt, K.A., Pythoud, M., Zhang, P., Cheng, H., , Lu, Y., Boch, R., Spötl, C. (2016): Response to comments on "Reconciliation of the Devils Hole climate record with orbital forcing". – Science, 354, 296e.

Strauhal, T., Prager, C., Millen, B., Spötl, C., Zangerl, C., Brandner, R. (2016): Aquifer geochemistry of crystalline rocks and Quaternary deposits in a high altitude alpine environment (Kauner Valley, Austria). – Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 109, 29-44.

Wassenburg, J.A., Dietrich, S., Fietzke, J., Fohlmeister, J., Jochum, K.P., Scholz, D., Richter, D.K., Sabaoui, A., Spötl, C., Lohmann, G., Andrae, M.O., Immenhauser, A. (2016): Reorganization of the North Atlantic Oscillation during early Holocene deglaciation. – Nature Geoscience, 9, 602-605.

Luetscher, M., Boch, R., Sodemann, H., Spötl, C., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., Frisia, S., Hof, F., Müller, W. (2015): North Atlantic storm track changes during the Last Glacial Maximum recorded by Alpine speleothems. – Nature Communications, 6, 6344, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7344.

Bartolomé, M., Sancho, C., Osácar, C., Moreno, A., Leunda, M., Spötl, C., Luetscher, M., López-Martinénz, J., Belmonte, A.: Characteristics of cryogenic carbonates in a Pyrenean ice cave (northern Spain). – Geogaceta, 58, 107-110.

Cremaschi, M., Zerboni, A., Nicosia, C., Negrino, F., Rodnight, H., Spötl, C. (2015): Age, soil-forming processes, and archaeology of the loess deposits at the Apennine margin of the Po Plain (northern Italy). New insights from the Ghiardo area. – Quaternary International, 376, 173-188.

Dublyansky, Y., Spötl, C. (2015): Condensation-corrosion speleogenesis above a carbonate-saturated aquifer: Devils Hole Ridge, Nevada. – Geomorphology, 229, 17-29.

Plan, L., Schober, A., Scholz, D., Spötl, C., Pruner, P., Bosak, O. (2015): Speleogenesis of the Hermanshöhle cave system (Austria): Constraints from 230Th/U-dating and palaeomagnetic analysis. – International Journal of Speleology, 44, 315-326.

Spötl, C., Mangini, A., Cheng, H. (2015): Radiometric constraints on the age of the Hötting Breccia (Innsbruck, Austria). – Zeitschrift für Gletscherkunde und Glazialgeologie, 47/48, 135-146.

Nicolussi, K., Spötl, C., Thurner, A., Reimer, P. (2015): Precise radiocarbon dating of the giant Köfels landslide (Eastern Alps, Austria). – Geomorphology, 243, 87-91.

Bartolomé, M., Moreno, A., Sancho, C., Stoll, H.M., Cacho, I., Spötl, C., Belmonte, A., Edwards, R.L., Cheng, H., Hellstrom, J. (2015): Hydrological change in Southern Europe responding to increasing North Atlantic overturning during Greenland Stadial 1. – PNAS, 112, 6568-6572.

Mischel, S.A., Scholz, D., Spötl, C. (2015): d18O values of cave drip water: a promising proxy for the reconstruction of the North Atlantic Oscillation? - Climate Dynamics, 45, 3035-3050.

Zerboni, A., Trombino, L., Frigerio, C., Livio, F., Berlusconi, A., Michetti, A.M., Rodnight, H., Spötl, C. (2015): The loess-paleosol sequence at Monte Netto: a record of climate change in the Upper Pleistocene of the central Po Plain, northern Italy. - Journal of Soils and Sediments, 15, 1329-1350.

Moseley, G.E., Spötl, C., Cheng, H., Boch, R., Min, A., Edwards, R. L. (2015): Termination-II interstadial/stadial climate change recorded in two stalagmites from the north European Alps. - Quaternary Science Reviews, 127, 229-239.

Meckler, A.N., Affolter, S., Dublyansky, Y.V., Krüger, Y., Vogel, N., Bernasconi, S.M., Frenz, M., Kipfer, R., Leuenberger, M., Spötl, C., Carolin, S., Cobb, K.M., Moerman, Adkins, J.F., J., Fleitmann, D. (2015): Glacial-interglacial temperature change in the tropical West Pacific: A comparison of stalagmite-based paleo-thermometers. - Quaternary Science Reviews, 127, 90-116.

Preto, N., Breda, A., Dal Corso, J., Spötl, C., Zorzi, F., Frisia, S. (2015): Primary dolomite in the Late Triassic Travenanzes Formation, Dolomites, Northern Italy: Facies control and possible bacterial influence. – Sedimentology, 62, 697-716.

Reischer, M., Bichler, B., Spötl, C., Höfer-Öllinger, G., Wyhlidal, S. (2015): Karst hydrogeology of the Untersberg massif and its interaction with the porous aquifer in the adjacent Salzburg Basin. – Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 108, 68-81.

Reitschuler, C., Lins, P., Schwarzenauer, T., Spötl, C., Wagner, A.O., Illmer, P. (2015): New undescribed lineages of non-extremophilic archaea form a homogeneous and dominant element within alpine moonmilk microbiomes. – Geomicrobiology Journal, 32, 890-902.

Schindlbacher, A., Borken, W., Djukic, I., Brandstätter, C., Spötl, C., Wanek, W. (2015): Contribution of carbonate weathering to the CO2 efflux from temperate forest soils. – Biogeochemistry, 124, 273-290.

Auer, I., Foelsche, U., Böhm, R., Chimani, B., Haimberger, L., Kerschner, H., Koinig, K.A., Nicolussi, K., Spötl, C. (2014): Vergangene Klimaänderung in Österreich. In: Österreichischer Sachstandsbericht Klimawandel 2014 (AAR14). Austrian Panel on Climate Change (APCC), Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, 227–300 (Download at:

Brauer, A., Hajdas, I., Blockley, S.P.E., Bronk Ramsey, C., Christl, M., Ivy-Ochs, S., Moseley, G.E., Nowaczyk, N.N., Rasmussen, S.O., Roberts, H.M., Spötl, C., Staff, R.A., Svensson, A. (2014): The importance of independent chronology in integrating records of past climate change for the 60-9 ka INTIMATE time interval. - Quaternary Science Reviews, 106, 47-66.

Dublyansky, Y.V., Klimchouk, A.B., Spötl, C., Timokhina, E.I., Amelichev, G.N. (2014): Isotope wallrock alteration associated with hypogene karst of the Crimean Piedmont, Ukraine. – Chemical Geology, 377, 31-44.

Sanders, D., Spötl, C. (2014): The Hötting Breccia – a Pleistocene key site near Innsbruck, Tyrol. – In: From the foreland to the Central Alps. Field trips to selected sites of Quaternary research in the Tyrolean and Bavarian Alps (ed. by H. Kerschner, K. Krainer, C. Spötl), 82-94, Berlin (Geozon). Download at

Spötl, C., Mair, D., Starnberger, R. (2014): From Vorderriß to Großer Ahornboden: Quaternary geology of the Riss Valley (Karwendel Mountains). – In: From the foreland to the Central Alps. Field trips to selected sites of Quaternary research in the Tyrolean and Bavarian Alps (ed. by H. Kerschner, K. Krainer, C. Spötl), 32-44, Berlin (Geozon). Download at

Spötl, C., Starnberger, R., Barrett, S. (2014): The Quaternary of Baumkirchen (central Inn Valley, Tyrol) and its surroundings. - In: From the foreland to the Central Alps. Field trips to selected sites of Quaternary research in the Tyrolean and Bavarian Alps (ed. by H. Kerschner, K. Krainer, C. Spötl), 68-80, Berlin (Geozon). Download at

Dublyansky, Y.V., Spötl, C. (2014): Morphological effects of condensation-corrosion speleogenesis at Devils Hole ridge, Nevada. – In: A. Klimchouk, I. Sasowsky, J. Mylroie, S.A. Engel, and A.S. Engel (Eds.), Hypogene Cave Morphologies. Karst Waters Institute Special Publication 18, 36-43, Karst Waters Institute, Leesburg, Virginia.

Heiri, O., Koinig, K.A., Spötl, C., Barrett, S., Brauer, A., Drescher-Schneider, R., Gaar, D., Ivy-Ochs, S., Kerschner, H., Luetscher, M., Moran, A., Nicolussi, K., Preusser, F., Schmidt, R., Schoeneich, P., Schwörer, C., Sprafke, T., Terhorst, B., Tinner, W. (2014): Palaeoclimate records 60-8 ka in the Austrian and Swiss Alps and their forelands. – Quaternary Science Reviews, 106, 186-205.

Spötl,  C., Reimer, P.J., Rabeder,  G., Scholz, D. (2014): Presence of cave bears in western Austria before the onset of the Last Glacial Maximum: new radiocarbon dates and palaeoclimatic considerations. – Journal of Quaternary Science, 29, 760-766.

Spötl, C., Reimer, P.J., Luetscher, M. (2014): Long-term mass balance of perennial firn and ice in an Alpine cave (Austria): Constraints from radiocarbon-dated wood fragments. – The Holocene, 24, 165-175.

Kluge, T., Affek, H.P., Dublyansky, Y., Spötl, C. (2014): Devils Hole paleotemperatures and implications for oxygen isotope equilibrium fractionation. – Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 400, 251-260.

Kluge, T., Affek, H.P., Zhang, Y.G., Dublyansky, Y., Spötl, C., Immenhauser, A., Richter, D.K. (2014): Clumped isotope thermometry of cryogenic cave carbonates. – Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 126, 541-554.

Kluge, T., Marx, T., Aeschbach-Hertig, W., Spötl, C., Richter, D.K. (2014): Noble gas concentrations in fluid inclusions as tracer for the origin of coarse-crystalline cryogenic cave carbonates. – Chemical Geology, 368, 54-62.

Livio, F.A., Berlusconi, A., Zerboni, A., Trombino, L., Sileo, G., Michetti, A.M., Rodnight, H., Spötl, C. (2014): Progressive offset and surface deformation along a seismogenic blind thrust in the Po Plain foredeep (Southern Alps, Northern Italy). – Journal of Geophysical Research Solid Earth, 119, 7701-7721.

Moseley, G.E., Spötl, C., Svensson, A., Cheng, H., Brandstätter, S., Lawrence Edwards, R. (2014): Multi-speleothem record reveals tightly coupled climate between central Europe and Greenland during Marine Isotope Stage 3. - Geology, 42, 1043-1046.

Spötl, C. & Cheng, H. (2014): Holocene climate change, permafrost, and cryogenic carbonate formation: insights from a recently deglaciated, high-elevation cave in the Austrian Alps. – Climate of the Past, 10, 1349-1362.

Scholz, D., Tolzmann, J., Hoffmann, D.L., Jochum, K.P., Spötl, C., Riechelmann, D.F.C. (2014): Diagenesis of speleothems and its effect on the accuracy of 230Th/U-ages. – Chemical Geology, 387, 74-86.

Wynn, P.M., Fairchild, I.J., Spötl, C., Hartland, A., Mattey, D., Fayard, B., Cotte, M. (2014): Synchrotron X-ray distinction of seasonal hydrological and temperature patterns in speleothem carbonate. - Environmental Chemistry, 11, 28-36.

Belli, R., Frisia, S., Borsato, A., Drysdale, R., Hellstrom, J., J-x. Zhao, Spötl, C. (2013): Regional climate variability and ecosystem responses to the last deglaciation in the northern hemisphere from stable isotope data and calcite fabrics in two northern Adriatic stalagmites. – Quaternary Science Reviews, 72, 146-158.

Cheng, H.,  Edwards, R.L., Shen, C.-C., Polyak, V.J., Asmerom, Y., Woodhead, J., Hellstrom, J., Wang, Y., Kong, X., Spötl, C., Wang, X., Alexander, E.C. (2013): Improvements in 230Th dating, 230Th and 234U half-life values, and U-Th isotopic measurements by multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. – Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 371-372, 82-91.

Dredge, J., Fairchild, I.J., Harrison, R.M., Fernandez-Cortez, A., Sánchez-Moral, S., Jurado, V., Gunn, J., Smith, A., Spötl, C., Mattey, D., Wynn, P., Grassineau, N. (2013): Cave aerosols: distribution and contribution to speleothem geochemistry. – Quaternary Science Reviews, 63, 23-41.

Fensterer, C., Scholz, D., Hoffmann, D., Spötl, C., Schröder-Ritzrau, A., Horn, C., Pajón, J.M., Mangini, A. (2013): Millennial-scale climate variability during the last 12.5 ka recorded in a Caribbean speleothem. – Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 361, 143-151.

Fohlmeister, J., Vollweiler, N., Spötl, C., Mangini, A. (2013): COMNISPA II: update of a mid-European isotope climate record, 11 ka to present. – The Holocene, 23, 749-754.

Sürmelihindi, G., Passchier, C.W., Spötl, C., Kessener, P., Bestman, M., Jacob, D.E., Baykan, N.O. (2013): Laminated carbonate deposits in Roman aqueducts: origin, processes and implications. – Sedimentology, 60, 961-982.

Sürmelihindi, G., Passchier, C.W., Baykan, O.N., Spötl, C., Kessener, P. (2013): Environmental and depositional controls on laminated freshwater carbonates: an example from the Roman aqueduct of Patara, Turkey. – Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 386, 321-335.

Johnston, V.E., A. Borsato, A., Spötl, C., Frisia, S., Miorandi, R. (2013): Stable isotopes in caves over altitudinal gradients: fractionation behaviour and inferences for speleothem sensitivity to climate change. - Climate of the Past, 9, 99-118.

Kluge, T., Affek, H.P., Marx, T., Aeschbach-Hertig, W., Riechelmann, D.F.C., Scholz, D., Riechelmann, S., Richter, D.K., Immenhauser, A., Fohlmeister, J., Wackerbarth, A., Mangini, A., Spötl, C.: Reconstruction of drip-water δ18O based on calcite oxygen and clumped isotopes of speleothems from Bunker Cave (Germany). - Climate of the Past, 9, 377-391.

Luetscher, M., Borreguero, M., Moseley, G.M., Spötl, C., Edwards, R.L. (2013): Alpine permafrost thawing during the Medieval Warm Period identified from cryogenic cave carbonates. – The Cryosphere, 7, 1073-1081.

Starnberger, R., Drescher-Schneider, R., Reitner, J. M., Rodnight, H., Reimer, P. J., Spötl, C. (2013): Late Pleistocene climate change and landscape dynamics in the Eastern Alps: The inner-alpine Unterangerberg record (Austria). - Quaternary Science Reviews, 68, 17-62.

Riechelmann, D.F.C., Deiniger, M., Scholz, D., Riechelmann, S., Schröder-Ritzrau, A., Spötl, C., Richter, D.K., Mangini, A., Immenhauser, A. (2013): Disequilibrium carbon and oxygen isotope fractionation in recent cave calcite: Comparison of cave precipitates and numerical d13C and d18O data. - Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 103, 232-244.

Spötl, C., Reimer, P.J., Starnberger, R., Reimer, R. (2013): A new radiocarbon chronology of Baumkirchen, stratotype for the onset of the Upper Würmian in the Alps. – Journal of Quaternary Science, 28, 552-558.

Starnberger, R., Rodnight, H., Spötl, C. (2013): Luminescence dating of fine-grain lacustrine sediments from the Late Pleistocene Unterangerberg site (Tyrol, Austria). – Austrian Journal of Earth Science, 106, 4-15.

Sundqvist, H.S., Holmgren, K., Fohlmeister, J., Zhang, Q., Bar Matthews, M., Spötl, C., Körnich, H. (2013): Evidence of a large cooling between 1690 and 1740 AD in southern Africa. – Scientific Reports, 3, 1767, DOI: 10.1038/srep01767.

Baker, A., Bradley, C., Phipps, S., Fischer, M., Fairchild, I.J., Fuller, L., Spötl, C., Azcurra, C. (2012): Millennial-length forward models and pseudoproxies of stalagmite δ18O: an example from NW Scotland. – Climate of the Past, 8, 1153-1167.

Cheng, H., Zhang, P.Z., Spötl, C., Edwards, R.L., Cai, Y.J., Zhang, D.Z., Sang, W.C., Tan, M., An, Z.S. (2012): The climatic cyclicity in semiarid arid central Asia over the past 500,000 years. – Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L01705, doi:10.1029/2011GL050202.

Spötl. C. & Mattey, D. (2012): Scientific drilling of speleothems – a technical note. – International Journal of Speleology, 41, 29-34.

Drysdale, R., Paul, B., Hellstrom, J., Couchoud, I., Greig, A., Bajo, P., Zanchetta, P., Isola, I., Spötl, C., Baneschi, I., Regattieri, E., Woodhead, J. (2012): Precise microsampling of poorly laminated speleothems for U-series dating. – Quaternary Geochronology, 14, 38-47.

Fensterer, C., Scholz, D., Hoffmann, D., Spötl, C., Pajón, J.M., Mangini, A. (2012): Cuban stalagmite suggests relationship between Caribbean precipitation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation during the past 1.3 ka. – The Holocene, 22, 1405-1412.

Fohlmeister, J., Schröder-Ritzrau, A., Scholz, D., Spötl, C., Riechelmann, D.F.C., Mudelsee, M., Wackerbarth, A., Gerdes, A., Riechelmann, S., Immenhauser, A., Richter, D.K., Mangini, A. (2012): Bunker Cave stalagmites: An archive for central European Holocene climate variability. – Climate of the Past, 8, 1751-1764.

Meyer, M.C., Spötl, C., Mangini, A., Tessadri, R. (2012): Speleothem deposition at the glaciation threshold - An attempt to constrain the age and paleoenvironmental significance of a detrital-rich flowstone sequence from Entrische Kirche Cave (Austria). - Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 319-320, 93-106.

Scholz, D., Frisia, S., Borsato, A., Spötl, C., Fohlmeister, J., Mudelsee, M., Miorandi, R., Mangini, A. (2012): Holocene climate variability in north-eastern Italy: potential influence of the NAO and solar activity recorded by speleothem data. – Climate of the Past, 8, 1367-1383.

Mietto, P.,  Manfrin, S., Preto, N., Rigo, M., Roghi, G., Furin, S., Gianolla, P., Posenato, R., Muttoni, G., Nicora, A., Buratti, N., Cirilli, S., Spötl, C., Bowring, S.A., Ramezani, J. (2012): The Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) of the Carnian Stage (Late Triassic) at Prati Di Stuores/Stuores Wiesen Section (Southern Alps, NE Italy). – Episodes, 35, 414-430.

Natalicchio, M., Birgel, D., Dela Pierre, F., Martire, L., Clari, P., Spötl, C., Peckmann, J. (2012): Polyphasic carbonate precipitation in the shallow subsurface: insights from microbially-formed authigenic carbonate beds in upper Miocene sediments of the Tertiary Piedmont Basin (NW Italy). - Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 329-330, 158-172.

Plan, L., Tschegg, C., De Waele, J., Spötl, C. (2012): Corrosion morphology and cave wall alteration in an Alpine sulfuric acid cave (Kraushöhle, Austria). – Geomorphology, 169-170, 45-54.

Drysdale, R., Spötl, C., Hellstrom, J., Richards, D.A. (2012): New advances in the dating of speleothems – An introduction. - Quaternary Geochronology, 14, 1-4.

Riechelmann, S., Buhl, D., Schröder-Ritzrau, A., Spötl, C., Riechelmann, D.F.C., Richter, D.K., Kluge, T., Marx, T., A. Immenhauser (2012): Hydrogeochemistry and fractionation pathways of Mg isotopes in a continental weathering system: Lessons from field experiments.  – Chemical Geology, 300-301, 109-122.

Riechelmann, S., Buhl, D., Schröder-Ritzrau, A., Riechelmann, D.C.F., Richter, D.K., Vonhof, H.B., Wassenburg, J.A., Geske, A., Spötl, C., Immenhauser, A. (2012): The magnesium isotope record of cave carbonate archives. – Climate of the Past, 8, 1849-1867.

Shen, C.-C., Wu, C.-C., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., Hsieh, Y.-T., Gallet, S., Chang, C.-C., Li, T.-Y., Lam, D.D., Kano, A., Hori, M., Spötl, C. (2012): High-precision and high-resolution carbonate 230Th dating by MC-ICP-MS with SEM protocols. - Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 99, 71-86.

Spötl, C. & Boch, R. (2012): Uranium Series Dating of Speleothems. – In: White, W. B. & Culver, D.C. (eds.): Encyclopedia of Caves. 2nd ed., 838-844, Chennai, Academic Press.

Unterwurzacher, M., Objoes, U., Spötl, C. (2012): Die Höttinger Brekzie – Bildung, Materialeigenschaften und Abbauorte. – In: Die Höttinger Brekzie – ein Tiroler Werkstein. Entstehung, Abbauorte, Geschichte, Verwendung, Erhaltung (Ed. by G. Siegl & M. Unterwurzacher), 11-33, Innsbruck (Innsbruck University Press).

Baker, A., Wilson, R., Fairchild, I.J., Franke, J., Spötl, C., Mattey, D., Trouet, V. & Fuller, L. (2011): High resolution δ18O and δ13C records from an annually laminated Scottish stalagmite and relationship with last millennium climate. – Global and Planetary Change, 79, 303-311.

Boch, R., Cheng, H., Spötl, C., Edwards, R.L. Wang, X., Häuselmann, P. (2011): NALPS: a precisely dated European climate record 120-60 ka. – Climate of the Past, 7, 1247-1259.

Boch, R., Spötl, C. & Frisia, S. (2011): Origin and paleoenvironmental significance of lamination in stalagmites from Katerloch Cave, Austria. – Sedimentology, 58, 508-531.

Boch, R. & Spötl, C. (2011): Reconstructing palaeoprecipitation from an active cave flowstone. – Journal of Quaternary Science, 26, 675-687.

Di Cuia, R., Scifoni, A., Riva, A., Moretti, A., Caline, B. & Spötl, C. (2011): Dolomite characteristics and diagenetic model of the Calcari Grigi Group (Asiago Plateau, Southern Alps - Italy): an example of multiphase dolomitization. – Sedimentology, 58, 1347-1369.

Frisia, S., Fairchild, I., Fohlmeister, J., Miorandi, R., Spötl, C., Borsato, A. (2011): Carbon mass-balance modelling and carbon isotope exchange processes in dynamic caves. – Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75, 380-400.

Luetscher, M., Hoffmann, D., Frisia, S., Spötl, C. (2011): Holocene glacier history from alpine speleothems, Milchbach cave, Switzerland. – Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 302, 95-106.

May, B., Spötl, C., Wagenbach, D., Dublyansky, Y. & Liebl, J. (2011): First investigations of an ice core from Eisriesenwelt cave (Austria). – The Cryosphere, 5, 81-93.

Meyer, M.C., Cliff, R.A. & Spötl, C. (2011): Speleothems and mountain uplift. – Geology, 39, 447-450.

Obleitner, F. & Spötl, C. (2011): The mass and energy balance of ice within the Eisriesenwelt cave, Austria. - The Cryosphere, 5, 245-257.

Riechelmann, D.F.C., Schröder-Ritzrau, A., Scholz, D., Fohlmeister, J., Spötl, C., Richter, D.K., Mangini, A. (2011): Monitoring Bunker Cave (NW Germany): A prerequisite to interpret geochemical proxy data of speleothems from this site. – Journal of Hydrology, 409, 682-695.

Roncat, A., Dublyansky, Y., Spötl, C.: Dorninger, P. (2011): Full-3D surveying of caves: A case study of Märchenhöhle (Austria). – Proceedings IAMG 2011, Salzburg, 5-9 September 2011, doi:10.5242/iamg.2011.0074.

Schimpf, D., Kilian, R., Kronz, A., Spötl, C., Wörner, G., Deininger, M. & Mangini, A. (2011): The significance of chemical, isotopic and detrital components in three coeval stalagmites from the superhumid southernmost Andes (53°S) as high-resolution paleo-climate proxies. - Quaternary Science Reviews, 30, 443-459.

Schönlaub, H.P., Ferretti, A., Gaggero, L., Hammarlund, E., Harper, D.A.T., Histon, K.,  Priewalder, H., Spötl, C. & Štorch, P. (2011): The late Ordovician glacial event in the Carnic Alps (Austria). – in: J.C. Gutiérrez-Marco, I. Rábano and D. García-Bellido (eds.), Ordovician of the World, 515-526,  Cuadernos del Museo Geominero, 14, Madrid.

Spötl, C. (2011): Long-term performance of the Gasbench IRMS system for stable isotope analysis of carbonate microsamples. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 25: 1683-1685.

Starnberger, R., Rodnight, H. & Spötl, C. (2011): Chronology of the Last Glacial Maximum in the Salzach Palaeoglacier Area (Eastern Alps). – Journal of Quaternary Science, 26, 502-510.

Wagreich, M., Egger, H., Gebhardt, H., Mohammed, O., Spötl, C., Koukal, V. & Hobinger, G. (2011): A new expanded record of the Paleocene-Eocene transition in the Gosau Group of Gams (Eastern Alps, Austria). – Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien, A 113, 35-65.

Christian, E. & Spötl, C. (2010): Karst geology and cave fauna of Austria: a concise review. – International Journal of Speleology, 39, 71-90.

Cliff, R.A., Spötl, C. & Mangini, A. (2010): U-Pb dating of speleothems from Spannagel Cave, Austrian Alps: a high resolution comparison with U-series ages. – Quaternary Geochronology, 5, 452-458.

Cremaschi, M., Zerboni, A., Spötl, C. & Felletti, F. (2010): The calcareous tufa in the Tadrart Acacus Mt. (SW Fezzan, Libya). An early Holocene palaeoclimate archive in the central Sahara. – Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 287, 81-94.

Dublyansky, Y., Spötl, C. (2010): Evidence for a hypogene paleohydrogeological event at the prospective nuclear waste disposal site Yucca Mountain, Nevada, USA, revealed by the isotope composition of fluid-inclusion water. - Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 289, 583-594.

Fairchild, I.J., Spötl, C., Frisia, S., Borsato, A., Susini, J., Wynn, P.W., Cauzid, J. & EIMF (2010): Petrology and geochemistry of annually laminated stalagmites from an Alpine cave (Obir, Austria): seasonal cave physiology. – In: Pedley, H.M. & Rogerson, M. (eds.), Tufas and Speleothems: Unravelling the Microbial and Physical Controls. Geological Society of London Special Publication, 336, 295-321.

Fohlmeister, J., Schröder-Ritzrau, A., Spötl, C., Frisia,  S., Miorandi, R., Kromer, B. & Mangini, A. (2010): The influences of hydrology on the radiogenic and stable carbon isotope composition of cave drip water, Grotta di Ernesto (Italy). – Radiocarbon, 52, 1529-1544.

Kluge, T., Riechelmann, D.F.C., Wieser, M., Spötl, C., Sültenfuss, J., Schröder-Ritzrau, A., Niggemann, S. & Aeschbach-Hertig, W. (2010): Dating cave drip water by tritium. – Journal of Hydrology, 394, 396-406.

Mazza, M., Furin, S., Spötl, C., Rigo, M. (2010): Generic turnovers of Carnian/Norian conodonts: climatic control or competition? – Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 290, 120-137.

Plan, L., Grasemann, B., Spötl, C., Decker, K., Boch, R. & Kramers, J. (2010): Neotectonic extrusion of the Eastern Alps: Constraints from U/Th dating of tectonically damaged speleothems. – Geology, 38, 483-486.

Polag, D., Scholz, D., Mühlinghaus, C., Spötl, C., Schröder-Ritzrau, A., Segl, M. & Mangini, A. (2010): Stable isotope fractionation in speleothems: Laboratory experiments. – Chemical Geology, 279, 31-39.

Spötl, C. & Mangini, A. (2010): Paleohydrology of a high-elevation, glacier-influenced karst system in the Central Alps (Austria). – Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 103, 92-105.

Spötl, C., Nicolussi, K., Patzelt, G., Boch, R., Daphne Team (2010): Humid climate during deposition of sapropel 1 in the Mediterranean Sea: Assessing the influence on the Alps. – Global and Planetary Change, 71, 242-248.

Sundqvist, H.S.,  Holmgren, K., Moberg, A., Spötl, C. & Mangini, A. (2010): Stable isotopes in a stalagmite from NW Sweden document environmental changes over the last 4000 years. – Boreas, 39, 77-86.

Titschack, J., Zuschin, M., Spötl, C., Baal, C. (2010): The giant oyster Hyotissa hyotis from the northern Red Sea as a decadal-scale archive for seasonal environmental fluctuations in coral reef habitats. – Coral Reefs, 29, 1061-1075.

Wynn, P.W., Fairchild, I.J., Frisia, S., Spötl, C., Baker, A., Borsato, A. & EIMF (2010): High-resolution sulphur isotope analysis of speleothem carbonate by secondary ionisation mass spectrometry. – Chemical Geology, 271, 101-107.

Bao, H., Fairchild, I.J., Wynn, P.M. & Spötl, C. (2009): Stretching the envelope of past surface environments: Neoproterozoic glacial lakes from Svalbard – Science, 323, 119-122.

Boch, R., Spötl, C. & Kramers, J. (2009): High-resolution isotope records of early Holocene rapid climate change from two coeval stalagmites of Katerloch Cave, Austria. – Quaternary Science Reviews, 28, 2527-2538.

De Waele J., Plan, L., Audra, P., Rossi, A., Spötl, C., Polyak, V. & Mcintosh, W. (2009): Kraushöhle (Austria): Morphology and mineralogy of an alpine sulfuric acid cave. – Proceedings 15th International Congress of Speleology, Kerville, Texas, 19-26 June, Vol. 2, 831-837.

Dublyansky, Y., Spötl, C. (2009): Hydrogen and oxygen isotopes of water from inclusions in minerals: design of a new crushing system and on-line CF-IRMS analysis. – Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 23, 2605-2613.

Dublyansky, Y., Spötl, C. & Steinbauer, C. (2009): Stegbachgraben, a mineralized hypogene cave in the Grossarl valley, Austria. - In: Klimchouk, A. & Ford, D. (eds.): Hypogene Speleogenesis and Karst Hydrogeology of Artesian Basins, Ukrainian Institute of Speleology and Karstology, Special Paper 1,  117-120.

Dublyansky, Y. & Spötl, C. (2009): Identifying paleo water-rock interaction during hydrothermal karstification: A stable isotope approach. - In: Klimchouk, A. & Ford, D. (eds.): Hypogene Speleogenesis and Karst Hydrogeology of Artesian Basins. Ukrainian Institute of Speleology and Karstology, Special Paper 1,  45-49.

Meyer, M.C., Cliff, R.A., Spötl, C., Knipping, M. & Mangini, A. (2009): Speleothems from the earliest Quaternary: Snapshots of paleoclimate and landscape evolution at the northern rim of the Alps. – Quaternary Science Reviews, 28, 1374-1391.

Plan, L., Spötl, C., Pavuza, R. & Dublyansky, Y. (2009): Hypogean caves in Austria. – In: Klimchouk, A. & Ford, D. (eds.): Hypogene Speleogenesis and Karst Hydrogeology of Artesian Basins. Ukrainian Institute of Speleology and Karstology, Special Paper 1,  121-127.

Hoffmann, D.L., Spötl, C. & Mangini, A. (2009): Micromill and in situ laser ablation sampling techniques for high spatial resolution MC-ICPMS U-Th dating of carbonates. – Chemical Geology, 259, 253-261.

Gemmell, A.M.D. & Spötl, C. (2009): Dating the Hötting Breccia near Innsbruck (Austria), a classical Quaternary site in the Alps. – Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 102, 50-61.

Korte, C., Hesselbo, S.P., Jenkyns, H.C., Rickaby, R.E.M. & Spötl, C. (2009): Palaeoenvironmental significance of carbon- and oxygen-isotope stratigraphy of marine Triassic–Jurassic boundary sections in SW Britain. – Journal of the Geological Society London, 166, 431-445.

Smith, C.L., Fairchild, I.J., Spötl, C., Frisia, S., Borsato, A., Moreton, S.G., & Wynn, P.M. (2009): Chronology building using objective identification of annual signals in trace element profiles of stalagmites. – Quaternary Geochronology, 4, 11-21.

Spötl, C., Dublyansky, Y., Meyer, M. & Mangini, A. (2009): Identifying low-temperature hydrothermal karst and palaeowaters using stable isotopes: a case study from an alpine cave, Entrische Kirche, Austria. – International Journal of Earth Sciences, 98, 665-676.

Preto, N., Spötl, C. & Guaiumi, C. (2009): Evaluation of bulk carbonate δ13C data from Triassic hemipelagites and the initial composition of carbonate mud. – Sedimentology, 56, 1329-1345.

Spötl, C., Scholz, D. & Mangini, A. (2008): A terrestrial U/Th-dated stable isotope record of the Penultimate Interglacial. - Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 276, 283-292.

Meyer, M., Spötl, C. & Mangini, A. (2008): The demise of the Last Interglacial recorded in isotopically dated speleothems from the Alps. - Quaternary Science Reviews, 27, 476-496.

Spötl, C. (2008): Stimme aus dem Untergrund – Tropfsteine und Klimawandel – in: Kempe, S. & Rosendahl, W. (Hrsg.), Höhlen. Verborgene Welten, 127-135, Darmstadt (Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft).

Fuller, L., Baker, A., Fairchild, I.J., Spötl, C., Marca-Bell, A., Rowe, P. & Dennis, P.F. (2008): Isotope hydrology of dripwaters in a Scottish cave and implications for stalagmite palaeoclimate research. - Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 12, 1065-1074.

Spötl, C. (2008): Kryogene Karbonate im Höhleneis der Eisriesenwelt. – Die Höhle, 59, 26-36.

Richoz, S., Krystyn, L. & Spötl, C. (2007): First detailed carbon isotope curve through the Ladinian-Carnian boundary : the Weissenbach section (Austria). – Albertiana, 36, 98-101.

Spötl, C. & Mangini, A. (2007): Speleothems and paleoglaciers. – Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 254, 323-331.

Mangini, A., Blumbach, P., Verdes, P., Spötl, C., Scholz, D., Machel, H. & Mahon, S. (2007): Combined records from a stalagmite from Barbados and from lake sediments in Haiti reveal variable seasonality in the Caribbean between 6.7 and 3 ka BP. - Quaternary Science Reviews, 26, 1332-1343.

Mangini, A., Verdes, P., Spötl, C., Scholz, D., Vollweiler, N. & Kromer, B. (2007): Persistent influence of the North Atlantic hydrography on Central European winter temperature during the last 9,000 years. – Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L02704, doi:10.1029/2006GL028600.

Spötl, C., Offenbecher, K.-H., Boch, R., Meyer, M., Mangini, A., Kramers, J. & Pavuza, R. (2007): Tropfstein-Forschung in österreichischen Höhlen – ein Überblick. – Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt (Festschrift H.-P. Schönlaub), 147, 117-167.

Mietto, P., Andreetta, R., Broglio Loriga, C., Buratti, N., Cirilli, S., De Zanche, V., Furin, S., Gianolla, P., Manfrin, S., Muttoni, G., Neri, C., Nicora, A., Posenato, R., Preto, N., Rigo, M., Roghi, G., Spötl, C. (2007): A candidate of the global boundary stratotype section and point for the base of the Carnian stage (Upper Triassic): GSSP at the base of the canadensis subzone (FAD of Daxatina) in the Prati di Stuores/Stuores Wiesen section (Southern Alps, NE Italy). – Albertiana, 36, 78-97.

Horacek, M., Richoz, S., Brandner, R., Krystyn, L., Spötl, C. (2007): Evidence for recurrent changes in Lower Triassic oceanic circulation of the Tethys: The δ13C record from marine sections in Iran. – Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 252, 355-369.

Krystyn, L., Richoz, S., Gallet, Y., Bouquerel, H., Kürschner, W.M. & Spötl, C. (2007): Updated bio- and magnetostratigraphy from Steinbergkogel (Austria), candidate GSSP for the base of the Rhaetian stage. - Albertiana, 36, 164-173.

Krainer, K., Mostler, W. & Spötl, C. (2007): Discharge from active rock glaciers, Austrian Alps: a stable isotope approach. – Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 100, 102-112.

Neuhuber, S., Wagreich, M., Wendler, I. & Spötl, C. (2007): Turonian Oceanic Red Beds in the Eastern Alps: Concepts for paleoceanographic changes in the Mediterranean Tethys. – Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 251, 222-238.

Spötl, C., Holzkämper, S. & Mangini, A. (2007): The Last and the Penultimate Interglacial as recorded by speleothems from a climatically sensitive high-elevation cave site in the Alps. – In: The Climate of Past Interglacials (ed. by F. Sirocko, M. Claussen, T. Litt, & M.F. Sánchez-Goñi). – Developments in Quaternary Science Series, 7, 471-491 (Elsevier).

Richoz, S., Krystyn, L., Horacek, M. & Spötl, C. (2007): Carbon isotopic record of the Induan-Olenekian candidate GSSP Mud and comparison with other sections. – Albertiana, 35, 35-40.

Sirocko, F., Claussen, M., Litt, T., Sánchez Goñi, M.F., Berger, A., Boettger, T., Diehl, M., Desprat, S., Delmote, B., Degering, D., Frechen, M., Geyh, M.A., Groeger, M., Kageyama, M., Kaspar, F., Kühl, N., Kubatzki, C., Lohmann, G., Loutre, M.-F., Müller, U., Rein, B., Rosendahl, W., Roucoux, K., Rousseau, D.-D., Seelos, K., Siddall, M., Scholz, D., Spötl, C., Urban, B., Vautrans, M., Velichko, A., Wenzel, A., Widmann, M. & Wünnemann, N. (2007): Chronology and climate forcing of the last four interglacials. - In: The Climate of Past Interglacials (ed. by F. Sirocko, M. Claussen, T. Litt, & M.F. Sánchez-Goñi). – Developments in Quaternary Science Series, 7, 597-614 (Elsevier).

Meyer, M., Faber, R. & Spötl, C. (2006): The WinGeol Lamination Tool: new software for rapid, semi-automated analysis of laminated climate archives. – The Holocene, 16, 753-761.

Spötl, C. & Mangini, A. (2006): U/Th age constraints on the absence of ice in the central Inn Valley (Eastern Alps, Austria) during Marine Isotope Stages 5c to 5a. – Quaternary Research, 66, 167-175.

Kusch, H., Spötl, C., Offenbecher, K.-H., Kramers, J. (2006): Der prähistorische Kalksinterplattenabbau im Höhlenabschnitt „Katzensteig“ der Lurgrotte bei Semriach, Steiermark. – Schild von Steier, 19, 241-255.

Spötl, C. & Mattey, D. (2006): Stable isotope microsampling of speleothems: a comparison of drill, micromill and laser ablation techniques. – Chemical Geology, 235, 48-58.

Frisia, S., Borsato, A., Mangini, A., Spötl, C., Madonia, G. & Sauro, U. (2006): Holocene climate variability in Sicily from a discontinuous stalagmite record and the Mesolithic to Neolithic transition. – Quaternary Research, 66, 388-400.

Fairchild, I.J., Smith, C.L., Baker, A., Fuller. L.M., Spötl, C., Mattey, D., McDermott, F., EIMF (2006): Modification and preservation of environmental signals in speleothems. – Earth-Science Reviews, 75, 105-153.

Keim, L., Spötl, C. & Brandner, R. (2006): The aftermath of the Carnian carbonate platform demise: a  basinal perspective (Dolomites, Southern Alps). – Sedimentology, 53, 361-386.

Spötl, C., Mangini, A. & Richards, D.A. (2006): Chronology and paleoenvironment of Marine Isotope Stage 3 from two high-elevation speleothems, Austrian Alps. – Quaternary Science Reviews, 25, 1127-1136.

Vollweiler, N., Scholz, D., Mühlinghaus, C., Mangini, A. & Spötl, C. (2006): A precisely dated climate record for the last 9 kyr from high alpine stalagmites. – Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L20703, doi:10.1029/2006GL027662.

Frisia, S., Borsato, A., Spötl, C., Villa, I. & Cucchi, F. (2005): Climate variability in the SE Alps of Italy over the past 17000 years reconstructed from a stalagmite record. – Boreas, 34, 445-455.

Mangini, A., Spötl, C. & Verdes, P. (2005): Reconstruction of temperature in the Central Alps during the past 2000 years from a d18O stalagmite record. – Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 235, 741-751.

Boch, R., Spötl, C., Kramers, J. & Reitner, J. (2005): A late-glacial travertine deposit in Eastern Tyrol (Austria). – Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 98, 78-91.

Eggins, S., Grün, R., Mcculloch, M., Pike, A., Chappell, J., Kinsley, L., Mortimer, G., Shelley, M., Murray-Wallace, C.V., Spötl, C., Taylor, L. (2005). In situ U-series dating by laser-ablation multi-collector ICPMS: new prospects for Quaternary geochronology. - Quaternary Science Reviews, 24, 2523-2538.

Preto, N., Spötl, C., Mietto, P., Gianolla, P. & Riva, A. (2005): Aragonite dissolution, sedimentation rates and carbon isotopes in deep-water hemipelagites (Livinallongo Formation, Middle Triassic, northern Italy). – Sedimentary  Geology, 181, 173-194.

Spötl, C. (2005): A robust and fast method of sampling and analysis of d13C of dissolved inorganic carbon in ground waters. – Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies, 41, 217-221.

Spötl, C., Fairchild, I.J. & Tooth, A.F. (2005): Speleothem deposition in a dynamically ventilated cave, Obir Caves (Austrian Alps). Evidence from modern cave air and drip water monitoring. – Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 69, 2451-2468.

Potter, E.-K., Stirling, C.H., Wiechert, U.H., Halliday, A.N. & Spötl, C. (2005): Uranium-series dating of corals in situ using laser ablation MC-ICPMS. – International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 240, 27-35.

Spötl, C. & Mangini, A. (2005): Altersbestimmungen an Tropfsteinen aus der Griffener Tropfsteinhöhle, Kärnten. – In: Komposch, C. & Wieser, C. (Red.): Schlossberg Griffen, 103-107, Klagenfurt (Verlag des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins für Kärnten).

Holzkämper, S., Spötl, C. & Mangini, A. (2005): High-precision constraints on timing of Alpine warm periods during the middle to late Pleistocene using speleothem growth periods. - Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 236, 751-764.

Spötl, C. (2004): A simple method of soil gas stable carbon isotope analysis. - Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 18, 1239-1242.

Christl, M., Mangini, A., Holzkämper, S. & Spötl, C. (2004): Evidence for a link between the flux of galactic cosmic rays and Earth´s climate during the past 200,000 years. – Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 66, 313-322.

Spötl, C. (2004): Das Untertagelabor in den Obir-Höhlen. – Die Höhle, 55, 34-42.

Spötl, C. (2004): Spannagel Cave, Austria. - [in]: The Encyclopedia of Caves and Karst Science (ed. J. Gunn), 663-664, New York (Fitzroy Dearborn).

Holzkämper, S., Mangini, A., Spötl, C. & Mudelsee, M. (2004): Timing and progression of the Last Interglacial derived from a high Alpine stalagmite. – Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L07201, doi: 10.1029/2003GL019112.

Spötl, C. (2004): Speleothems from the High-Alpine Spannagel Cave, Zillertal Alps (Austria). - [in]: Studies of Cave Sediments. Physical and Chemical Records of Paleoclimate  (ed. by I.D. Sasowsky & J. Mylroie), 243-256, Dortrecht, Kluwer.

Ramseyer, K., Amthor, J.E., Spötl, C., Terken, J.M.J., Matter, A., Hove, M.V. & Borgomano, J.R.F. (2004): Impact of basin evolution, depositional environment, pore water evolution and diagenesis on reservoir-quality of Lower Paleozoic Haima Supergroup sandstones, Sultanate of Oman. – GeoArabia, 9, 107-138.

Spötl, C. & Vennemann, T.W. (2003): Continuous-flow IRMS analysis of carbonate minerals. – Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 17, 1004-1006.

Kelly, S.D., Newville, M.G., Cheng, L., Kemner, K.M., Sutton, S.R., Fenter, P., Sturchio, N.C. & Spötl, C. (2003): Uranyl incorporation in natural calcite. – Environmental Science & Technology, 37, 1284-1287.

Spötl, C. & Mangini, A. (2002): Stalagmite from the Austrian Alps reveals Dansgaard-Oeschger events during isotope stage 3: Implications for the absolute chronology of Greenland ice cores. – Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 203, 507-518.

Spötl, C., Mangini, A., Frank, N., Eichstädter, R. & Burns, S.J. (2002): Start of the last interglacial period at 135 ka: Evidence from a high alpine speleothem. – Geology, 30, 815-818.

Spötl, C., Unterwurzacher, M., Mangini, A. & Longstaffe, F. (2002): Carbonate speleothems and tufas in the dry, inneralpine Vinschgau valley, northernmost Italy: Witnesses of changes in hydrology and climate since the Last Glacial Maximum. – Journal of Sedimentary Research, 72, 793-808.